Review from the South: Siemenpuu is much more than a funder
Press release, 28.3.2017
Siemenpuu Foundation has commissioned an external assessment on its work in supporting the Environmental Social Movement in the South between 2010 and 2016. The review was made by Badayl from India in cooperation with Grip.Consulting from Palestine.
According to the review, the support provided by Siemenpuu means a lot more than just funding support to Southern civil society organisations and communities: cooperation is based on partnership. Siemenpuu knows and understands the local context and organisations in most cases already before the funding cooperation. The cooperation approaches are flexible and Siemenpuu also supports the cooperation among the Southern partners also on the global level. This South-South and South-North cooperation is important both in strengthening the civil society and reaching the environmental targets.
Despite the flexibility, Siemenpuu calls for accountability and adequate reporting from its partners. However, the reviewers brought forth the partners’ concern, that increased emphasis on result-based management may lead the partnerships to change towards typical donor-recipient style relationships.
Commissioned review is not a typical evaluation on Siemenpuu’s work and results, but it aimed at bring about the views of Siemenpuu’s Southern partners on the cooperation, and find out whether this partnership has strengthened the environmental movement in the South. More assessment on Siemenpuu’s work results will be received in August 2017, when the Evaluation of the Programme- based Support through Finnish Civil Society Organisations, Foundations and Umbrella Organisations, commissioned by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, will be ready.
Download and read the Review of the Siemenpuu Foundation (pdf, 1,7 MB) from here.
Chairperson Marko Ulvila, marko.ulvila (at) siemenpuu.org, puh. 044 533 2368.
Reviewer Dr. Ranjan Solomon was impressed by the commitment of Siemenpuu people for their work with Southern partners. Photo: Timo Kuronen
On how change (can) happens:
[Satu Ranta-Tyrkkö and Ruby van der Wekken]
After Nepal (see Ruby’s previous blog), the journey with South Asian Dialogues on Ecological Democracy (SADED) continued on 15-20 November in India. Also in India, the need for Ecological Democracy and the approach of SADED is clear. Also in India the negative trends of climate destabilisation, loss of biological diversity and increasingly authoritarian regimes continue despite the widely shared desire to prevent environmental crisis and to live in democratic societies. To work on the level of concepts that link movements, intellectuals and political parties is therefore justified, and the SADED facilitated dialogues then want to foster a deeper understanding on the concepts and the alternatives involving diverse social sections and ideological streams. In the current project phase supported by Siemenpuu, SADED is doing so in particular by taking the today much referred to Sustainable Development Goals at hand, and to critically address them from an Ecological Democracy, a Swaraj (self governance) perspective. A publication is to follow on this. A main critique is that the Sustainable Development Goals and their 169 sub targets are being understood and interpreted in a variety of ways. Quite often, each goal is treated independently, and the interlinkages between goals tend to get lost.
For 16-17 November, our journey took us to Bihar. We flew from Delhi to Patna and from there drove onward to Muzzafarpur. During our visit we learned more on Bihar’s student movement of the 1960s and 1970s, which developed under veteran Gandhian socialist Jayaprakash Narayan into the Bihar/ JP movement of democratic socialism, which then ousted the call for a peaceful ‘total revolution’ – process and which we understood from youth around to be inspirational also today. The Bihar movement has had lots of cultural and social impact. Some of the people involved later went into political parties, some shifted to social work. And whilst the Congress party stifled different developments for decades, the legacy of the movements in Bihar is said to be huge, for example, in terms of addressing cast and religious identities and the treatment of dalits. Nowadays people have different aspirations than a few decades back, and they are conscious of their rights, daring to demand and expect more from the state. Overall, many of the contemporary movements that SADED supports and interacts with, such as those focusing on ecology and commons, are heirs of earlier movements and can be found all over the country and not just in Bihar.
SADED associates in Bihar (Photo: Ruby van der Wekken)
Bihar has made headlines also in Finland recently, because of the floods. Floods are historically a recurring phenomena in Bihar. As community members told when visiting with them, in the past they understood how to act when the floods came, and the floods in itself had a productive effect on the harvest. Today, with the dams built, the story is an entirely different one, with floods unpredictable in their behaviour and destroying more than giving. The floods are actually not (natural) floods. When we asked the community members what it was they would like to see see changed, they told it clearly: to be able to break the dams, and to be able to secure livelihoods. SADED has written about this, has interacted with movements on this, and movements have fervently campaigned around the issue of the dams, as for instance under the strong leadership of Medha Patkar. But as SADED then asks for itself, what is the change that has been able to be brought about.
India’s civil society organisations are facing today a very difficult political climate. From SADED’s perspective, if change is today difficult to get via the numbers (of the marginalised majorities), efforts are to be directed at a policy level. SADED then has been able to achieve direct results in the sphere of health. SADED in its work around health puts to the forefront that the SDGs do put to the forefront the right to local medicine, but leave unanswered a whole range of other questions with regards to the provision of health services, medicines used and whom certain policies might benefit; questions with regards to Health Swaraaj.
In the context of SADEDs work on health, we visited in Bihara with community members who had earlier been part of a survey which was part of a process in which SADED and others wanted to develop a tool which is foreseeing starvation. The background is that the definition of starvation death, which in India has focused more on whether and what the person ate before his/her death than the longer nutritional and economic situation of the deceased, is outdated. What’s more, community health workers do not recognise undernutrition or malnutrition even when they are surrounded by it. In situations of more extreme distress (drought, starvation deaths), people are entitled to relief only after the situation has been assessed. Needed then is efficient recognition of early warning signs before the crisis is fully on. Following the data collected by the survey, the suggestion of SADED and other has been to focus on early social indicators, such as unusual migration, mortgaging of household goods, and so on, in order to develop a concrete yet complex enough tool to recognise severing malnutrition before casualties take place. The survey process and tool development took place in 2014, and SADED is now wanting to take further the process with regards to advocacy for the tool to become a policy instrument.
Visiting flood prone area in Bihar (Photo: Ruby van der Wekken)
Another interesting example of SADEDs work around the promoting of health swaraaj is its working towards the promotion of the status and role of traditional health knowledge and practices, which has had an impact on a public policy level. India is estimated at having one million of traditional healers, and their recognition is sought for. So India’s 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17) gave traditional health knowledge high prominence as a cross-cutting issue and the central government created a separate Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa Rigpa and Homeopathy (AYUSH) instead of merely a department within the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
In Delhi then we had a meeting of the Quality Council of India on the scheme for certification and training of traditional healers, with the Council’s CEO and with staff who had been working towards the certification of traditional healers in India. A certification pilot was conducted during 2010-2012 in which SADED was also part of the framing, and it was interesting to hear how this large institution had come to deal with this for them extra-ordinary task to work through all the considerations that had to be made to come to define things like eligibility criteria, who can do the accreditation, the governing structure of the certification process concerning traditional healers and their practices. The eligibility criteria for a traditional health practitioner is that s/he has to be minimum 28 years if age and have endorsement of the village panchayat, which also proves that s/he is known and genuinely practicing. To ensure the skill level as well as the safety of the healing method, the knowledge of the healer is then assessed by a third party committee, which besides a technical expert and an AYUSH or allopathic doctor includes also a senior traditional health practitioner. The certification is valid for five years at a time for those who pass. Those who do not can go for further training and then return to the certification process. While the process bears some costs for the health practitioners, the idea is that the investment will pay back as an increasing demand for their services. During the pilot 517 traditional healers were certified from 6 states. This process then continues today.
One important issue in this discussion concerns the protection of biodiversity. In itself ecosystems can be seen as becoming more protected along with the certification giving increased recognition to the traditional healers, who will not deplete the commons they are dependent on, in contrast to commercial companies. In the accreditation process traditional healers discuss information on plants only with other traditional healers (and not to further any commercial interests). Telling of this is that the healers use some 6500 plant species, but officially only the properties of 2000 species are known. In itself the recognition of traditional health practitioners then brings to the forefront the question how can local commons be protected whilst benefiting globally, and what a tool as the biocultural rights conceptualisation also taken up by Siemenpuu offers in this.
To have people also in urban areas (to which they have migrated) continue to resort to the benefits of herbal plants and take pride in this, has been what SADED has been also supporting in urban areas, as in the slums of Delhi.
We visited the Okhla Industrial slum area, where an associate of SADED has been a very active and committed community worker, supporting on issues as water and waste. The voices of the women was rather unanimous – most of them would have liked to have stayed in their villages, and for instance not daily have to be faced with tensions around water (playing out in inhumane ways for instance with regards to sanitation), if only there was employment. SADED has then been involved in supporting their struggles, also to local authorities, with regards to provision of water in the slum area, the development of sewage system, and now in the currently ongoing process of finding a plot for the women to be having herbs – beyond the pots the women said to be keeping at their homes. If perhaps the struggles in areas like these indeed seem so difficult to lead to any change, the testimony of a resident left no mistake to the issue; during our dialogue her hands were raised up high when calling upon her sisters that through their organisation they can stand up and further their issues.
Resident and community organizer of Okhla industrial slum area in Delhi
(Photo: Ruby van der Wekken)
Our days with SADED ended with a round table dialogue of SADED staff and associates on ecological democracy, which well brought to the forefront the way SADED works and has worked towards change. SADED engages directly or indirectly through its associates in different levels of dialogue on a community, movement, and policy level, through which knowledge is co-produced in support of political and societal change. On several occasions the testimonies referred also to the importance of the space SADED has created for people who for different reasons are facing marginalisation or discrimination, to voice their opinions. As also taken up in the previous SADED Nepal blogg, the dialogues can be seen as forms of commoning around our commons. In Europe, bringing to the forefront commons/commoning thinking is besides putting forward a paradigm shift thinking with regards to economy, also seen as a way to transcend party politics and combat also rising fascist and authoritarian tendencies. Once again a North-South dialogue.
Satu Ranta-Tyrkkö and Ruby van der Wekken, 20.12.2017
Satu Ranta-Tyrkkö, PhD, is a researcher at Jyväskylä University and a member of the Executive Board of Siemenpuu Foundation
Ruby van der Wekken works with Siemenpuu Foundation as a Programme Coordinator
SADED and associates at Gandhi Peace Station (Photo: Ruby van der Wekken)
India and Nepal: South Asian Dialogues on Ecological Democracy
South Asian Dialogues on Ecological Democracy (SADED) promotes the access of marginalised groups to decision making on natural resources. Through locally-established action groups, SADED focuses particularly in questions concerning food security and the climate and in building up the autonomy of communities. The purpose of the network is to bring new perspectives into social dialogue and to encourage people to critical thinking and observation.
SADED aims at bringing representatives of concerned communities into dialogue with authorities, researchers, reporters, politicians, representatives of the business sector, and social movements and activists. Since the Indian NGO field is highly fragmented, it is important to bring together people working on the same issues in different sectors.
Farming on high altitude in Nepal’s Annapurna Region (Photo: Timo Kuronen)
Environmentally sustainable, more equitable and egalitarian ways of alleviating and solving environmental problems are approached through dialogue. Various public events, workshops, seminars, publications and reports serve as channels for this dialogue.
Underlying global structures are also taken into consideration in analyses based on local knowledge. SADED has actively taken part in the World Social Forums. SADED is part of the international Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam network, which promotes dialogue on different aspects of democracy. SADED has long-standing relations with development-critical and socio-political networks in Finland and Scandinavia. The Siemenpuu Foundation has provided funding to SADED since 2002.
Administratively, SADED functions as a project of the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), a development studies institute located in Delhi, but the contribution of volunteers is very important to the continuity of the network’s operations. Within India, SADED operates mainly in Delhi, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Bihar and Andhra Pradesh.
The network also operates in Nepal and Pakistan with the aim of introducing and strengthening aspirations related to ecological democracy in the entire Himalayan region. In Nepal, SADED is currently active in three counties organising village-level meetings. The network engages in climate work in the highly vulnerable Himalayan region, where the melting of glaciers and flooding of rivers have far-reaching consequences for the ecosystems and the lives of people in the entire region. The aim is to prevent and alleviate the deepening of the crisis in the region.
Village meeting in India (Photo: Kari Bottas)
Himalayan Day is celebrated on 9 September in Himalayan Region, due to the cultural, ethnic, ecological and economical values of the Himalayas to the region. In Finland, the Siemenpuu Foundation organized some Himalayan Week events in 2014.
On 9 Sep 2015, SADED and Prof. Jayanta Bandyopadhyay sent the following video greeting to Finland
Publications from the supported projects
In Nepal, SADED-Nepal produced a 15-min video after the devastating earthquake in April 2015. The video calls forth a question of models of reconstruction: Should the reconstruction of houses be built on traditional or modern knowledge? What is affordable, and what is safe? What is the role of communities, what is the role of governments? The video describes the role SADED-Nepal has taken in the reconstruction work of the Himalayan communities.
Devastating Earthquake in Nepal – An Attempt for Sustainable Rebuilding_SADED Nepal
Himalaya Day Greetings from SADED India on 9 Sept 2015